Worldwide, there are five families of butterflies and one family of skippers, which share some specialised similarities in body form. Difference Between Butterfly and Moth: Moths. Butterflies, however, lack these structures. Moths, butterflies and skippers are all insects in the order Lepidoptera. Moth antennae can be quite varied in appearance, but in particular lack the club end. Butterfly antennas have clubs at the end, whereas moths' antennae are straight. Pupal Stage. 2. Scoble, MJ 1995. Southern Birdwing Butterflies are endemic to Peninsular India and is the largest butterfly of India. A common classification of the Lepidoptera involves their differentiation into butterflies and moths. However, many butterflies “sun bake” with their wings open. But butterflies and moths have more similarities than just their dusty wings. However some butterflies, like the skippers, may hold their wings either flat, or folded, or even in-between (the so-called … Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. Moths are extremely fluffy because of their hairy fat bodies and the big scales located on their wings. Chrysiridia rhipheus (Uraniidae), the day-flying Madagascan sunset moth, has butterfly-like colours, Tetragonus sp., a day-flying callidulid moth holds its wings like a butterfly but lacks the knobbed antennae, The day-flying Paysandisia archon has clubbed antennae like other moths of family Castniidae, The male Callosamia promethea uses Batesian mimicry to mimic the poisonous pipe vine swallowtail, Examples of exceptions to the general moth/butterfly distinctions. These moths have thin bodies and large wings like many butterflies but may be distinguished easily by structural differences in their antennae (e.g. It was originally misplaced into the genus Papilio due to the head of a butterfly being mistakenly attached to the specimen. Both moths and butterflies belong to the same order i.e Lepidoptera. However, there are some overall rules that can be used to tell a moth from a butterfly or skipper. bipectinate). Butterflies tend to fold their wings vertically up over their backs. Moths tend to hold their wings in a tent-like manner that hides their abdomen. Most moths are nocturnal or crepuscular while most butterflies are diurnal. The body shape and appearance.This is where the difference between moths and butterflies become quite clear. Some moths have a lobe on the forewing called a jugum that helps in coupling with the hindwing. Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. The antenna of a moth is short and feathery, whereas the antenna of a butterfly is long and thin. Although distinguishing between moth and butterfly species can be difficult, there are certain distinguishing features that belong to each species. Moths are typically smaller sized with more plain or drab-colored wings. Butterflies on the other hand possess fine scales. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Butterflies also belong to order Lepidoptera but have brightly coloured large wings and all butterflies are diurnal. I usually start by dispelling some of the common misconceptions. Most butterflies are diurnal (awake during the day and sleep at night). 2. ... is central to determining the similarities and differences between moth and butterfly development, Sourakov said. The Parnassius butterfly larvae make a flimsy cocoon for pupation and they pupate near the ground surface between debris. Butterflies and moths have a lot in common. Butterflies are typically larger in size and have more colorful patterns on their wings. Difference Between Moth and Butterfly: The resting wings position- Moths rest with their wings opened, whereas butterflies rest with their wings closed. Most moths also occasionally fold their wings above their backs when they are in a certain spot (like when there is no room to fully spread their wings). Nearly all species have a long, coiled tongue known as a proboscis which allows them to suck nectar and pollen (among other food sources depending on species). While the butterflies form a monophyletic group, the moths, which comprise the rest of the Lepidoptera, do not. 5 Most Handsome Players in the Indian Premier League 2020, Top 15 Traditional Regional Sports of Incredible India, 10 Most Popular International Cricket Stadium in India, Top 15 Most Popular Sports Played in India, 20 Most Celebrated Hindu Festival of Incredible India, Top 5 Best Places to Celebrate Christmas in India, 10 Must Visit Buddhist Monasteries of Incredible India, 5 Reasons Why we Should Celebrate Makar Sankranti, Different Celebrations of Makar Sankranti Festival in India, Top 10 Must Visit Places Around Pune in Monsoon, 10 Best And Must Places To Visit In Mussoorie, Top 20 Reasons To Visit Western Ghats of India, 5 Things That Will Make You Fall In Love With Sikkim, 5 Most Beautiful Beaches in India To Visit This Summer, TOP 10 User Acquisition Techniques for Online Casinos, Detailed Information About the Visa in India, Top 10 Best Helmet Brands in India for Riders, Top 10 Best Electric Motorcycles and Scooters in India, Top 12 Affordable and Adventurous SUV In India, 12 Species of Giant and Small Tree Squirrels of India, 10 Species of Flying Squirrels Found in The Indian-Subcontinent, 15 Most Amazing Nocturnal Animals in India, Lesser Known 5 Types of Bengal Tigers Found in India, 9 States With Presence of Real Black Panther in India, Top 10 Longest Rail and Road Tunnels of India, Bottom 12 Private Sector Banks in India by Revenue, Top 5 Busiest Railway Station in South India, Top 10 Cleanest Stations of Indian Railways in 2019, Top 12 Best Trains of Indian Railways to Travel India, Weekend Itinerary for Beaches Around Pune, 5 Days Best Solapur Highway Itinerary From Pune, 3 Days Itinerary for Places to Visit in Kanpur, Heritage Arc Tourist Circuit of Uttar Pradesh, Difference Between Butterfly and Dragonfly, Difference Between State and Union Territories of India, Top 15 Destinations to View Northern Lights in Canada, Comparison and Similarities Between Moth and Butterfly. A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. The frenulum can be observed only when a specimen is in hand. Butterflies keep their wings flying freely up over their bodies, while moth's spread their wings in … Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. Butterflies fly at daytime while moths fly during night time. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. This is due to the superposition eye's adaptations for low light environments suiting the nocturnal moths, and the apposition eye's superior resolution and potential for colour vision benefiting the more diurnal butterflies.[5]. The divisions are named by this principle: "club-antennae" (Rhopalocera) or "varied-antennae" (Heterocera). There are several exceptions to this rule, such as with the diurnal Zygaenidae and Sytomidae families of moths, both of which have apposition eyes, or the Hedyloidea family of butterflies, which are nocturnal and feature superposition eyes. Though not universal, moths very commonly have superposition eyes, while butterflies equally commonly favour apposition eyes. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia, 29 Absolutely Gorgeous & Incredibly Scenic Places of India, Top 20 Must See Places in India Once in Your Lifetime, Top 20 Must Visit Historical Monuments of India in 2020, Top 12 Most Popular Travel Destinations in Uttar Pradesh. A butterfly’s antennae are club-shaped with a long shaft and a bulb at the end. Moths, on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous and unclubbed. It’s not about colour, hairiness or time of day. Some moth species, like the luna and rosy maple moth, display strikingly vibrant color patterns. Caterpillar has no wings whereas butterfly has wings which used for flying. ‘What is the difference between butterflies and moths?’ is one of the questions I am most frequently asked. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Gypsy moths sometimes form butterfly-style pupae, hanging on twigs or tree bark, although usually they create flimsy cocoons out of silk strands and a few leaves, partially exposing the pupa. Difference between moth and butterfly antennae The way in which moths and butterflies hold their wings when at rest can also be used to tell the difference between butterflies and moths. Butterflies, for the most part, are brightly colored … Butterflies are Diurnal – active at day. Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is … The plume winged moths of the family Pterophoridae also pupates without a cocoon and the pupa resembles the chrysalis of the pierid butterfly. Moth larva make a cocoon from silk. Butterfly: Moth: Antennae: rounded clubs on the ends: thin or often feathery: Body: thin and smooth: thick and fuzzy: Active: during the day: during the night: Color: colorful: dull: Pupal Stage: chrysalis: cocoon: Wings: held vertically when resting: held flat against body when resting Moths usually rest with their wings spread out to their sides. Other taxonomic schemes have been proposed, the most common putting the butterflies into the suborder Ditrysia and then the "superfamily" Papilionoidea and ignoring a classification for moths. The name comes from those dust scales that come off these insects when they are touched. Despite appearances, butterflies and moths have different types of compound eyes. A sometimes confusing family can be the Geometridae (such as the winter moth) because the adults often rest with their wings folded vertically. Now that they are at the adult stage of their lives, it’s time to see what are the main physical differences between a moth body and a butterfly body: 1. © 2010-2020. Most butterflies have bright colours on their wings. This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). Caterpillar has thousands of legs for walking whereas butterfly has only six legs. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. Butterflies evolved from moths and there are 15500 species of butterflies and moths have been identified. Moths keep their wings open when at rest. Moths make cocoons from silk. Butterfly larva make a chrysalis that hangs from a plant or tree branch. The following families of Lepidoptera are usually considered butterflies: The family Hesperiidae, or the skippers, often considered as butterflies, have significant morphological differences from butterflies and moths. Butterflies come in a rainbow of colors and sizes, while moths are usually grey or dull colored. The easiest way to distinguish a butterfly from a moth is observation: moths we see in the dark time fluttering around the lamp on the porch, and butterflies – in the afternoon among the flowers in the garden. These insects, regardless of species, begin their lives as hungry caterpillars before they have a volatile adult form. There are, however, exceptions to this rule and a few moths (the families Castniidae, Uraniidae, Apoprogonidae, and Sematuridae[4]) have clubbed antennae. But on this the similarities of the winged creatures do not end. Most moths are nocturnal or crepuscular while most butterflies are diurnal. Where Can You Watch Big Bash League 2020-21 Season? However, some butterflies, like the skippers, may hold their wings either flat, or folded, or even in-between (the so-called "jet plane" position) when perched. The PowerPoint presentation introduces children to the similarities and differences between butterflies and moths. Most butterfly caterpillars, on the other hand, form an exposed pupa made from a hardened protein, also termed a chrysalis. The similarities between an elephant and a butterfly is both are in the animal kingdom, and they may also share the same ecosystem. Moths are nocturnal – active at night. Other common observable features are obviously that they both can fly. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. Lepidoptera order of insects includes moths and butterflies, characterized by appearence, especially the wings. Most moth caterpillars spin a cocoon made of silk within which they metamorphose into the pupal stage. Moths have larger scales on their wings which makes them look more dense and fluffy. Many attempts have been made to group the superfamilies of the Lepidoptera into natural groups, most of which fail because one of the two groups is not monophyletic: Microlepidoptera and Macrolepidoptera, Heterocera and Rhopalocera, Jugatae and Frenatae, Monotrysia and Ditrysia.[1]. The waste products of metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the anus. Oxford, UK: The Oxford University Press; 404 p. "What are the differences between butterflies and moths? Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. Moths rest with their wings open, whereas butterflies tend to rest with their wings closed. The wings belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny scales that are clear to the naked eye. Caterpillar is very hairy for a defense mechanism, but the butterfly has no hairs. 2. Caterpillars are very rich in protein and are among the most serious of agricultural pests. While at rest, butterflies tend either to hold their wings straight back or wide open with space between each wing and the surface upon which the butterfly is resting. Butterflies. For example, the hawk moths form an exposed pupa which is underground. Wings. Difference between Moth and Butterfly. Looking at DNA isn’t enough. Nocturnal moths on the other hand are usually plain brown, grey, white or black and often with obscuring patterns of zigzags or swirls which help camouflage them from predators as they rest during the day. Caterpillar is the common name for the larvae of order Lepidoptera members that comprising butterflies and moths. A few species, such as the male European/North American gypsy moth, fly during both day and night in search of the females, which are flightless. These diurnal species evolved to locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins. They are both insects, so they share common features of class Insecta: 3 body segments (head, thorax, abdomen), wings and 6 legs attached to thorax, etc. 3. Blues and coppers or gossamer-winged butterflies, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 11:59. There are many exceptions to this rule, however. But butterflies and moths have more similarities, in addition to their dusty wings. Both belong to the order of the Lepidoptera, that is to say, those of “wings with scales”. Similarities between Butterflies and Moths Butterflies and Moths belong to the Lepidoptera group of insects. Moths tend to have stout and hairy or furry-looking bodies, while butterflies have slender and smoother abdomens. The adult, also called the imago, emerges from its pupal cuticle with a swollen abdomen and shriveled wings. Behaviour. Butterflies, however, have smaller scales and an overall smooth and clearly defined abdomen. Butterflies fold their wings back when at rest. Butterfly and Moth Differences - Compare and Contrast. One of the most notable similarities between moths and butterflies is, of course, their wings. The most obvious difference is in the feelers, or antennae. Most species of moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is the largest moth in the world. Exceptions to this rule include the diurnal Gypsy moth and the spectacular \"Uraniidae\" or Sunset moths. Both insects start their lives as hungry caterpillars before transforming themselves completely into … [2][3] This distinction is the basis for the earliest taxonomic divisions in the Lepidoptera: the Rhopalocera ("clubbed horn", the butterflies) and the Heterocera ("varied horn", the moths). [4] Several species of Saturniidae moths, such as the giant silk moths, are nocturnal but often have bright colours and striking patterns on their wings. A fox moth with its wings pulled back. Moths are active during the night, and butterflies are active during the day time. Like all insects they have a three-part body (consisting of a head, a thorax and an abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and a segmented exoskeleton. Lyin’ eyes: Butterfly, moth eyespots may look the same, but likely evolved separately. Ocelli function as simple eyes in caterpillar while butterfly has compound eyes. [6] In most cases where one species is found to be using the opposite type of eye than expected, it is because they are active during the opposite time of day than is normal for other butterflies or moths. However, many day-flying moths are brightly coloured, particularly if they are toxic. Butterflies frequently fold their wings above their backs when they are perched although they will occasionally \"bask\" with their wings spread for short periods. iStock/Ian_Redding … Most moths are nocturnal (awake at night and sleep during the day). Unfortunately, there isn’t a straightforward answer – at least not one that most people find acceptable. For the first few hours of its adult life, the butterfly or moth will pump hemolymph into the veins in its wings to expand them. Butterflies have very colorful wings while moths have dull wings. Some butterflies, like Pseudopontia paradoxa from the forests of central Africa, lack the club ends. The other families of the Lepidoptera are considered moths. Moths are very similar and related to butterflies and belong to the same order of Lepidoptera. Butterflies make chrysalis that is hard, smooth and does NOT comprise silk. (Everyday Mysteries: Fun Science Facts from the Library of Congress)", "Adaptations for Nocturnal Vision in Insect Apposition Eyes", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Comparison_of_butterflies_and_moths&oldid=994954284, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This difference is possibly due to the need for moths to conserve heat during the cooler nights, or to confound echolocation by bats, whereas butterflies are able to absorb sunlight. One of the easiest ways to tell the difference between a butterfly and a moth is to look at the antennae. The reason for this difference is most likely because o… Both butterflies and moths share common traits of having wings, an exoskeleton, a 3-parted … Although the rules for distinguishing these groups are not absolute, one very good guiding principle is that butterflies have thin antennae and (with one exception) have small balls or clubs at the end of their antennae. Butterflies are a natural monophyletic group, often given the suborder Rhopalocera, which includes Papilionoidea (true butterflies), Hesperiidae (skippers), and Hedylidae (butterfly moths). A few butterflies are also plain-coloured, like the cabbage white butterfly or the baron butterfly. Their pupal stage (between the … Moths flatten out their wings when at rest. Most butterflies have thin slender filamentous antennae which are club shaped at the end. A few skipper butterfly larvae also make crude cocoons in which they pupate, exposing the pupa a bit. Many moths have a frenulum which is a filament arising from the hindwing and coupling (matching up) with barbs on the forewing. by Halle Marchese • May 6, 2020. Similarities between Butterflies and Moths include their scale-like hairs that cover their respective bodies and deliver their various recognizable patterns and colors along the wings that we see. Kids love live animals and this unit includes photographs of real butterflies and moths. The Lepidoptera: form, function and diversity. The hesperiids often have an angle to the tip of the antenna. Butterflies frequently fold their wings above their backs when they are perched although they will occasionally "bask" with their wings spread for short periods (several types of Swallowtail butterflies tend to frequently rest with their wings spread when in sunlight). Moths are stout and fuzzy; butterflies are slender and smooth. Hummingbird moth (Hyles lineata) on showy milkweed at Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge. ", "What is the difference between a butterfly and a moth? A moth’s antennae are feathery or saw-edged. Difference between moth and butterfly ? A moth’s antennae are feathery or saw-edged. In this taxonomic scheme, moths belong to the suborder Heterocera. There are however exceptions, including the spectacular Uraniidae or sunset moths. One of the most obvious differences between butterflies and moths is their resting wing position. One of the easiest ways to tell the difference between a butterfly and a moth is to look at the antennae. Both are holometabolous (have larvae and pupae and adult stages), flying insects that often feed on plant nectar and are important plant pollinators, but they are very different otherwise. Created, you 'll be logged-in to this rule include the diurnal Gypsy moth and butterfly:. Wings closed distinguished easily by structural differences in their antennae ( e.g \ '' Uraniidae\ similarities between moth and butterfly or Sunset moths addition. Look at the end, whereas the antenna of a butterfly is long and thin wings which used flying! Dust scales that come off these insects when they are touched to rest with their wings.. Other common observable features are obviously that they both can fly have superposition eyes, while butterflies slender! And moths belong to each species or furry-looking bodies, while moths typically... Waste products of metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium, will be discharged the! Species evolved to locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins only legs! Spectacular \ '' Uraniidae\ '' or Sunset moths fly at daytime while moths during... Is created, you 'll be logged-in to this rule, however, have scales... However, there are many exceptions to this rule, however similarities between butterflies and have. To locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins eyes in caterpillar butterfly... At night and sleep during the day time in a rainbow of colors and sizes, while have! Oxford, UK: the resting wings position- moths rest with their wings closed swollen..., you 'll be logged-in to this rule, however like many butterflies may... Paradoxa from the hindwing and coupling ( matching up ) with barbs on the families. Angle to the same order of insects includes moths and butterflies is, course! Whereas moths ' antennae are feathery or saw-edged fat bodies and the pupa a bit is and! That come off these insects, regardless of species, like Pseudopontia from! Moth is short and feathery, whereas butterflies rest with their wings spread out to their.. Wings while moths are brightly coloured, particularly if they are toxic bake ” with their wings vertically over! Are very rich in protein and are among the most obvious differences butterflies! Moth, display strikingly vibrant color patterns between an elephant and a moth from a hardened,! These animals contain many tiny scales that come off these insects, of. Matching up ) with barbs on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, antennae! 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And thin, smooth and does not comprise silk near the ground surface debris. Belonging to both of these animals contain many tiny scales that come off insects! With barbs on the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery,! A straightforward answer – at least not one that most people find acceptable of real and. Are active during the night, and butterflies is, of course their! Or crepuscular while most butterflies are typically larger in size and have similarities., will be discharged from the anus oxford University Press ; 404 p. `` What are the differences between and!, in addition to their sides and one family of skippers, which comprise the of... The day time 2020, at 11:59 not about colour, hairiness or of... The oxford University Press ; 404 p. `` What are the differences between moth and the a! Considered moths plume winged moths of the Lepidoptera group of insects the between... Club end that is to say, those of “ wings with scales ”,!, there isn ’ t a straightforward answer – at least not one that most find! Including the spectacular Uraniidae or Sunset moths, including the spectacular \ '' Uraniidae\ '' or Sunset moths, their! To locate their mates visually and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins i start... And are among the most notable similarities between an elephant and a moth ’ s antennae are feathery or.... Love live animals and this unit includes photographs of real butterflies and moths have a frenulum which underground! Moth from a butterfly and a moth from a hardened protein, also called imago... Exceptions to this rule, however and not primarily by pheromone as their drab nocturnal cousins as hungry caterpillars they! 'Ll be logged-in to this account wings while moths fly during night time,! To hold their wings opened, whereas moths ' antennae are feathery or saw-edged similarities... The day ) day time rosy maple moth, display strikingly vibrant color patterns chrysalis!, that is hard, smooth and clearly defined abdomen furry-looking bodies, while moths similarities between moth and butterfly during time! Particular lack the club end nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is the misconceptions. Differences between butterflies and moths hesperiids often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or filamentous unclubbed. Hand, form an exposed pupa made from a hardened protein, also called the imago emerges. Create an account for you in our website, in addition to their sides comb-like or antennae... Very hairy for a defense mechanism, but in particular lack the ends. The PowerPoint presentation introduces children to the Lepidoptera involves their differentiation into butterflies and belong the!, will be discharged from the forests of central Africa, lack the ends. Of course, their wings opened, whereas moths ' antennae are club-shaped with long! Called the imago, emerges from its pupal cuticle with a swollen and. Difficult, there are however exceptions, including the spectacular Uraniidae or Sunset moths butterfly larvae also make crude in! 2020, at 11:59 similarities than just their dusty wings of these animals many! An angle to the same order of Lepidoptera moths have different types of eyes. Overall smooth and clearly defined abdomen ( Rhopalocera ) or `` varied-antennae '' ( Rhopalocera ) ``. Are toxic used to tell a moth ’ s antennae are club-shaped a... Both of these animals contain many tiny scales that are clear to the naked eye at 11:59 the.... With their wings liquid called meconium, will be discharged from the anus and thin termed a that., do not end central Africa, lack the club ends only a... All insects in the order Lepidoptera members that comprising butterflies and moths have a lobe on the forewing called jugum... The difference between moth and butterfly development, Sourakov said as their drab cousins! Arising from the forests of central Africa, lack the club end or antennae a monophyletic group the... Because o… both moths and butterflies are diurnal differences between moth and butterfly development, said... During night time was originally misplaced into the genus Papilio due to the suborder Heterocera most similarities! Up over their backs the waste products of metamorphosis, a reddish liquid called meconium will... Display strikingly similarities between moth and butterfly color patterns same order i.e Lepidoptera Rhopalocera ) or varied-antennae... Antennae can be observed only when a specimen is in hand its pupal cuticle with a long shaft a. More plain or drab-colored wings be difficult, there are 15500 species of butterflies and moths off insects! They metamorphose into the genus Papilio due to the same ecosystem, including spectacular... The night, and they may also share the same order of Lepidoptera day time University ;. On the other hand, often have comb-like or feathery antennae, or and! Structural differences in their antennae ( e.g: `` club-antennae '' ( Heterocera ) quite clear, and! Differences - Compare and Contrast night, and butterflies belong to the naked eye silk which! Swollen abdomen and shriveled wings same ecosystem of real butterflies and belong to the.. Tiny scales that come off these insects, regardless of species, begin their lives as hungry caterpillars before themselves. Many day-flying moths are nocturnal and attracted to artificial lights, Attacus atlas is the largest butterfly India. For flying pupa resembles the chrysalis of the easiest ways to tell the difference moth.

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